Training and education of hunting dogs

Hunting dogs are one of the few categories in modern dog breeding that truly retain their working qualities. It has its own traditions and rules. There is a proven algorithm for training and testing the working qualities of dogs.

How to prepare a hunting dog? 

First, you need to make sure that the dog is really a hunting dog.

Hunting dogs - breeds and features

Hunting instincts and specific breed traits (flair, stance, grip), suitable for hunting, are inherited at the genetic level and passed down from generation to generation, but this process is easily destroyed.

4 generations of non-use of dogs for hunting purposes is enough for a loss of working qualities in the breed. It's only 10 years old. After another four generations, we can talk about the transition of the breed to the category of companions or decorations.

How to avoid risks when buying a puppy?

  1. Don't rely on stories from breeders. The puppy must be taken from working parents, with a proven pedigree .
  2. Obtain objective information about the puppy's parents from the local canine service: the dog breeding section of the O&R, the branch of the Federation of Hunting Dogs.

Neither the breed standard nor its presence in the Register give a guarantee. The only objective confirmation of the hunting qualities of the ancestors is field diplomas obtained during trials.

What tricks are expected when choosing a dog for hunting?

  • If the official FCI standard says that these dogs were originally hunters, it does not mean that they are hunted with today.

In many breeds, there is a clear division into two lines - working and non-working.

In our country, the breeding is mixed. There is always a chance to buy a puppy that looks like a hunting breed, but from non-working parents.

Taking on the hunting training of a puppy, in whose pedigree more than 50% of non-working ancestors, is almost hopeless.

Hunting specialization of dogs

In the system of hunting dog breeding, a kind of classification of breeds has been adopted. It is based on the practical hunting specialization of dogs. There is such a concept - "profile game". The entire training system focuses on this profile:

Greyhounds - pursuit of a fur-bearing animal by the sighted with the capture. Preparation consists in the development of animal qualities (anger, goodness) and agility.

Hounds - search for a fur-bearing animal by the smell of a trail, pursuit with a voice on the trail. Preparation - whipping up - consists in practicing search and viscosity in lands, possession of flair.

Blood hounds - search for a wounded hoofed animal. Preparation - the ability to use flair, retaining the smell of a persistent blood trail and trail, working out the voice and announcement.

Laiki - search for small fur-bearing, hoofed animals and upland birds with a flair, pursuit with a voice, holding under a shot with a voice, searching for a blood trail and collecting a wounded animal, getting from water Preparation - wooing to practice a wide search and the ability to search land, baiting an ungulate in an aviary at a test station.

Burrowing - searching burrows, exposing a fur animal to the surface for a shot or grabbing with a trap. Training on an artificial burrow - baiting on a decoy animal, the ability to use a sense of the underground, working out anger, grasp and pursuit.

Pointers - searching for a live bird by flair and pointing at it with a stand. Preparation - training in open fields, practicing the search with a "shuttle" and a firm stand.

Spaniels - work with a sense of the bird with a methodical search and direction. Arrangement and work on the water is obligatory. Preparation - training in the field with additional training of the feed.

Retrievers - detecting and transporting bat game from the field and water. Preparation - the ability to use flair to find a carcass, working out all the elements of a clear feed on command.

This is a must-have program for each of the groups. Preparation begins with the main profile. Other useful skills and abilities (versatility) are highly valued, but they are practiced secondly, even when bringing in continental cops.

When and how to start training a hunting dog?

With the exception of greyhounds, all other representatives of hunting dogs must be able to use their sense. This is where the preparation begins.

A serious course under the guidance of a nataschik or baiter takes place at the same time as the general course of training in other dogs - at the age of 10-12 months, adjusted for the season. What the owner can do before this stage, what to teach the puppy:

  1. Feel free in the grounds. City dogs should be taken out regularly, the inhabitants of private country houses should be walked outside the yard.
  2. Introduce the dog to the different smells of live and beaten game.
  3. To teach the basic commands, to attach to the whistle (horn).
  4. Animal dogs (huskies, burrows, greyhounds) show a live decoy animal in an aviary or cage.
  5. Teach swimming.
  6. heck the attitude towards the shot.

Training of grown-up juniors on the grounds is carried out under the following conditions:

  • The dog has sufficient physical training.
  • The weather conditions are comfortable, wind is desirable.
  • There is game on the land.
  • There are no distractions: other dogs, company of people.

A young dog should be well motivated to work in an open search - odors, footprints, varied terrain. They do not play with the puppy in the grounds, the presenter stimulates an active search with movement forward. The training is carried out as often as possible and lasts until signs of fatigue and loss of interest in the junior appear.

Pointing dogs and spaniels practice coaching by a course: daily classes for 1-2 months, with living in the grounds. The course is timed to coincide with the gathering of field or marsh game, meeting with a bird is required every day. Nataschik or the owner himself works with each dog individually. The cops are allowed to go to the water to meet the duck and to retrieve the cops after they have worked out a solid stand.

Training at baiting stations

The method of training animal dogs at the baiting station differs from other training on the grounds:

  1. Attachments are short in time - 5-15 minutes.
  2. Ends at the peak of emotions, with a feeling of superiority over the beast.
  3. Not more than 1 time per week.
  4. If the puppy has no interest in the animal, you need to take a long break.
  5. Each add is a little more difficult than the previous one.
  6. Owner support, encouragement is gradually reduced to naught.
  7. It is advisable to periodically change the decoy animal.

Working with terriers and dachshunds on the burrow is exclusively individual. It is possible to switch to a land-based bait in an aviary for a badger and a wild boar only after the dog begins to rush with enthusiasm and look for a meeting with the fox.

Young hounds start to race only along the black trail, best of all in the spring. The white path is allowed in the second turn. Constant exits paired with an experienced hound are undesirable.

It is desirable to form a working pair of huskies from a young age. For puppies it is possible to organize 1-2 times collective introductory training, but no more than three participants. After which it is worth taking a break and letting the dogs grow up. Nevertheless, it is recommended to start a full-fledged dressing in an aviary one by one to identify the individual qualities of young people.

Where to go?

Register your dog, the sooner the better. In the club, you will receive a program of action for the coming months and useful “addresses, attendances, passwords”.

Sections of hunting dog breeding and clubs, dog handlers of O&R have a card index of operating baiting stations and rangers-nataschiks in each region. Stationary facilities are mostly private, but they all cooperate with canine organizations.

After completing the training course, you will be recommended to take an exam - field tests to confirm the working qualities of the dog. If all the standards are met, the owner is issued a diploma. A field diploma in the hunting dog breeding system is a sign of a dog's compliance with a working profile, admission to pedigree breeding and a ticket to title competitions.

In the FCI system, field trials are not so crucial, but they are also interesting. According to the results of the event, the dog is evaluated, the owner receives a temporary certificate for working qualities. A temporary document in the club is exchanged for a permanent one. This is already the basis for registering a dog for a show-exhibition in a working class. In addition, for dogs with a working certificate, there is a preferential system of awarding the titles "Champion".

It is a common practice for hunters to take dogs by acquaintance, even without pedigree documents. . When the time comes to start training a puppy, most likely, dog handlers and nataschiks will not want to deal with a dog of unknown origin.

Why? Because this is a lot of work, but for professionals it will not have a sports-competitive result and continue for breeding use in hunting dog breeding. And it's hard to prepare a dog without professionals.

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