How to stop a dog from barking for no reason?

 The constant barking of the dog annoys the neighbors and the owner himself. Increased activity indicates that in this way the animal is trying to attract attention. To answer the question of how to wean a dog from barking for no apparent reason, you first need to understand why it does it.

What sounds do dogs make?

Thanks to the studies carried out, scientists have been able to establish that dogs, through barking, try to express their inner state in communication with a person or their relatives. In doing so, they use more than ten different sounds.

As in human speech, sounds made by a dog have different meanings. For example, growling can be caused by a feeling of fear or, conversely, a manifestation of aggressiveness. The difference in growl is evident in the tones of sound, and a good owner must accurately pick up them in order to better understand his pet.

Depending on their mood and situation, dogs can make the following sounds:

  • whine,
  • grunt,
  • growl,
  • squealing.

But most often they bark, thus showing disagreement, fear, resentment, or, conversely, joy and an invitation to play.

Barking is both a form of communication between dogs and a warning to the enemy about the occupation of the territory. It manifests itself especially strongly when the animal is in an agitated state. The strength of barking, its duration and excitement directly depend on the degree of arousal.

Causes of barking in dogs

Barking for a dog is a means of communication, but if it is excessive, it can cause inconvenience not only to the owner, but also to those around him. To avoid this, you need to find out what caused the excessive arousal. The reasons may be as follows:

  1. Features of the breed: For some guard breeds, barking is a common reaction to the appearance of strangers near the protected object. At the same time, there are also completely silent breeds, for example Basenji.
  2. Lack of communication: longing and loneliness induce the animal by barking to attract the attention of the owner.
  3. Watchdog reaction: If the dog, seeing the “enemy” behind the fence or feeling the “enemy” behind the door, begins to bark, the subsequent departure of the “enemy” is perceived by it as a victory. 
  4. The owner's approval makes it clear that this is the only way to get attention. The habit becomes fixed and permanent. Subsequently, in order to earn praise, the pet can begin to "play" in the vigilant watchdog and bark at everyone indiscriminately.
  5. Feelings of fear: It occurs when the dog is left alone in a confined space.
  6. The game: During the game, the animal experiences joyful emotions, expressing them through the presentation of sounds.
  7. Changes to conditions of detention: A change of scene can be very stressful, making you less confident in your safety.
  8. Health problems.
  9. The response to the barking of other dogs.

A correct understanding of the reasons will help to choose measures that will allow you to correct the behavior of the animal.

Techniques and recommendations

Weaning a dog from barking for no reason is a very painstaking and long-term action, but quite real. To re-educate her, it is recommended to begin with:

  • Make sure the dog's seat or booth is comfortable and waterproof. Create conditions so that the animal has access to food and water, as well as to items that allow it to have fun.
  • Check for worms , ticks, fleas and balance your diet.

In getting rid of excessive barking of the dog, the following techniques will help:

  1. If your pet has a lot of unspent energy and barks out of boredom, spend more time walking in the fresh air. Give the opportunity to get the load by moving a lot and executing various commands. Natural fatigue will calm the animal for a while.
  2. Your pet may bark to draw attention to itself. The best thing to do in this case is to turn away or leave the room. Not seeing the owner's reaction, the dog will understand that barking is not beneficial and will gradually abandon it.
  3. If the dog lives in nature, you should introduce him to the territory adjacent to the fence. This will help her get to know the world around her better and adequately respond to potential stimuli - smells and sounds.
  4. Acquaintance with irritants. The owner should pay special attention to objects and noises that are of concern to the pet. After that, during the game, you should teach not to react to them.
  5. A good way to get rid of unreasonable barking is to train to make sounds only on command. First, you need to teach how to execute the command "Voice!", After which you can move on to the next stage - the requirement to stop barking at the command "Quiet!"
  6. If the dog barks when the usual circumstances change, for example, due to a change in housing, it needs to be reassured. You should not leave alone in the early days so that she can adapt.

Very often, dog owners make a mistake in education, which is very difficult to correct. Experienced dog handlers advise against praising a dog when it barks happily at the sight of its owner, as this can become a habit. Conversely, menacing shouts can lead to even more loud barking.

Behavior correction techniques

It is necessary to engage in thorough training of the dog, teach it to obey commands unquestioningly. When the order is carried out correctly, one should not forget about the promotion in the form of a delicacy. To wean a pet from barking, the owner must know a few techniques for correcting behavior:

  • Easy ways to calm an animal include touching the ears. During increased arousal, it is enough to only slightly squeeze the auricle with two fingers - index and thumb, or stroke the ears. To begin with, such actions are carried out in moments of calm reaction, and then they are used during barking.
  • A good result is the use of food additives based on melanin and herbs such as valerian, chamomile.
  • If, however, the dog does not lend itself to training, special collars with citronella can help. Thanks to their pacifying effect, the animal does not have a feeling of fear and aggressive behavior towards people.

Under no circumstances should ultrasonic and electric collars be used - they have only a temporary effect, but can cause the opposite effect. The dog is injured not only physically, but also psychologically, becomes nervous and aggressive.

In order to correct the behavior of your dog, you should remember that whichever method you choose, your active participation will be required. Avoid any provocative situations for your pet and train it to respond appropriately to various stimuli.

If the owner is not at home

Dogs are active and social animals that feel very lonely. Often, with a loud bark, they can invite their relatives to the company. When bored and lonely, barking reduces emotional stress. This behavior can become a habit.

When you are not at home, the dog, with its howling and barking, displeases the neighbors. To give her something to do, leave the toy in the apartment. If the pet is on a personal plot, bury rusks, bones, and in your absence he will look for "prey".

After returning home, it is recommended to take your pet for a walk. Gradually, he will get used to this tradition, and will calmly wait for the owner. It is also recommended to walk the dog before leaving the house, because physical activity reduces the need for the animal to bark.

Only care, patience and understanding of the needs of your pet will allow you to find peace and tranquility in the family. Dogs, like small children, require attention. They lend themselves to education, only this requires time, desire and love.

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