Raising a puppy: Where to start and how to do it correctly?

As soon as a puppy appears in your house, he immediately becomes an object of attention and admiration for the whole family. In this article you will know about  Raising a puppy, How to do it correctly? He is pampered, touched by petty pranks, chewed slippers and broken flowers are forgiven. In the meantime, the dog is laying the foundations for misbehavior and bad habits that will not be so easy to eradicate.

A wise owner knows how important it is to educate the dog on time. This is an ongoing process, often difficult, but very interesting.

Where to start raising a puppy? How to do it correctly?

From the very first hours of being in the house, the dog should feel the friendly attitude of the people around it. Often, a small puppy, cut off from his dog family, feels helpless and lonely in a new environment for himself. A dog is a pack animal that understands and respects the discipline of the pack. Therefore, the owner of the dog must try to become the leader of this conditional pack.

 From the very first days, explain to the puppy what is allowed and what is not. Your requirements should be clear to the understanding of the animal - specific and consistent. Associate the correct actions of the puppy with pleasant sensations for him.

And, conversely, the pet's unwanted actions should be associated with unpleasant experiences. Bad behavior should not be ignored. At the same time, remember that no matter how smart your four-legged friend is, he is still just a dog, so you should not demand from him too subtle understanding of human emotions, be offended, jealous, shamed. Do not make your puppy worry about reproaches that are unfounded and incomprehensible to him.

At what age should you start training your puppy?

The earlier the better. The main thing is not to overload it, as at an early age it is difficult for a dog to concentrate and quickly gets tired of learning. Set up small workouts of five minutes and try to keep the puppy amused and playful.

First of all, teach your pet to respond to the nickname. Encourage your puppy to feed or take a walk. You can gradually learn the command "to me" . When doing so, try to keep your tone of voice calm and friendly.

Beginning at two months of age, teach the puppy the "no" (or "fu" ) command . It should be pronounced in a low, harsh voice, but in no case should you shout, otherwise you can scare and disorient the animal.

If you live in a city, you need to train your dog to walk on a leash as early as possible. Try to wear a collar occasionally at first and, as soon as you know that your pet is calm about him, put on the leash. In a calm, gentle voice, make the puppy follow you and, if he does, reward with something tasty.

At the very beginning, stop the habit of pulling on the leash. Pull the leash sharply and command strictly: "Near!"... When the dog looses the tension, remember to reward him. Remember to be safe when walking: do not let the dog off the leash near traffic and stay away from large, aggressive dogs.

Do not allow your puppy to cheerfully greet strangers, chase bicycles and bark for any reason, otherwise it may turn into a bad habit for him. It is also worth teaching your pet to behave calmly when meeting acquaintances or during visits to a guest house.

 Some of the easiest commands to teach your dog are sit and lie down. . The easiest way is to teach your puppy to sit while waiting for a tidbit in your arms. Don't try to force the dog to sit for as long as possible.

It is better to let her sit for a few seconds and get up with your permission, than for one minute, but getting up when she wants to.

To practice the command "to lie down", first put the dog down, then, having uttered the command, extend its front legs with one hand, and press on the withers with the other. When the dog learns to lie down correctly, take a step away from it. When trying to get up, command strictly: "Lie down!"

Remember to reward your dog when it does what it needs to do. The animal is sensitive to mood and tone of voice, so try to give commands in a firm, stern, but calm voice. In no case should you shout, let alone beat the dog. Otherwise, from an authority, you can turn into an enemy and lose the pet's trust.

Typical training mistakes:

  1. Complication of the reception before the previous stage is completed;
  2. Carrying out too long training sessions, especially in the early stages of training;
  3. Inconsistency of requirements and lack of control over execution;
  4. Nervous or aggressive behavior when training a dog.

 Don't forget to develop your four-legged friend's natural instincts. Hunting imitation will allow you to realize unspent energy (this is especially true for hunting dogs), will strengthen mutual understanding between the dog and its owner, and will bring great joy to both.

Teach your dog to fetch a stick or ball thrown into the distance. Before making a throw, say the command "grab" . In summer, these activities can be combined with swimming in the pond, unless there are many people there. Increase the waiting time for the command, thereby you strengthen control over the dog.

Watch your pet's behavior, do not ignore dangerous tendencies and aggressive behavior. The character of the dog, like the character of a person, lends itself to education. Communicate with her more, walk, play, teach new things, and then your dog will become your pride and faithful friend for many years.

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