Osteoarthritis in dogs: causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment

Arthrosis is a disease of the joints, which is accompanied by their deformation as a result of degenerative processes. This disease is common in dogs, cats, and livestock.

Causes of arthrosis

The causes of arthrosis in dogs include:

  1. Transformations in cartilage tissue that occur with age;
  2. Injuries to joints, ligaments, most often repetitive and occurring in animals participating in competitions for a long period and associated with additional loads;
  3. Postponed arthritis, when the composition of the joint fluid changes, which significantly affects the usefulness of the cartilage tissue and leads to a change in blood circulation in the joints;
  4. Disorders arising in the metabolism;
  5. Hormonal changes that cause insufficient development of joints or pathology in their development (joint defect is inherited);
  6. Hereditary predisposition, if the parents had a severe form of arthrosis;
  7. Large weight does not provoke the onset of arthrosis, but contributes to its progress if the disease is already present;
  8. Violation of blood supply.

Symptoms of arthrosis in dogs

A disease such as arthrosis develops rather slowly and has its own symptoms. Pain is the main symptom, it occurs on movement and causes lameness. At the very beginning of the disease, pain appears only with a serious load on the joint. In all other cases, it does not bother the animal, and the lameness disappears, so the owners do not attach due importance to what is happening and believe that the animal has simply stretched the muscle.

In the next stage, pain is often triggered by little exertion or appears soon after, but after resting, the pet again does not experience any discomfort. Noticing that the animal begins to limp after any long-term physical activity, and the next day everything is fine, the owner should already assume that these are the first manifestations of arthrosis. Treatment at this stage can lead to joint repair .

Constant pain and lameness indicate the onset of the third stage of the disease. The dog tries to find a comfortable position for his limb so that the pain recedes. She often adopts unusual postures to relieve her condition. Lameness can increase with a change in the weather, if blood circulation is impaired.

Another symptom of the disease is a crunch in the affected joints, which occurs when moving. It sounds like a sharp click. The dog develops swelling, the joints become inactive and deformed, acquiring rounded shapes. In addition, the pet does not show the desire to get up and move, and when moving or exercising, it gets tired very quickly.

Having found signs of the disease, you should immediately contact the veterinary clinic for help.

Diagnosis and treatment of arthrosis in dogs

Arthrosis is diagnosed by radiography of the joints, which allows you to see bone growths. A blood test is also done. With arthrosis, a decrease in the content of phosphorus, calcium and carotene is observed.

After the diagnosis and confirmation of the diagnosis, complex treatment is prescribed. Prescribed drugs that stop inflammation, enhance immunity, restore articular cartilage and stop their destruction. Procedures associated with the treatment of painful areas with special solutions, gels, ointments are prescribed, or compresses are applied. Physiotherapy is also used, for example, warming up diseased limbs with infrared lamps, paraffin therapy, etc.

In order for the treatment to be successful, the prescribed care and feeding conditions must be provided. It is recommended to use vitamin and mineral supplements, to follow a strict diet, which is of particular importance in the treatment of arthrosis. It will help you to reach a normal weight without increasing physical activity. It is necessary to give more dairy products, vegetables and fresh meat. The animal must always have fresh water for drinking. In addition, you should create conditions for the rest of the pet and provide it with a soft bedding for sleeping. In some cases, when therapy is ineffective, surgery is performed.

Disease prevention

In order to prevent arthrosis in dogs, it is recommended to organize:

  1. The optimal level of physical activity of the pet in the form of walks and games.
  2. A balanced diet containing the required amount of vitamins, minerals, foods rich in protein and carbohydrates.
  3. Normal weight of the dog.
  4. Creation of a comfortable and soft place to sleep and rest.
  5. Regular visits to the veterinarian for prophylaxis. The older the pet becomes, the more often preventive examinations should be.

Preventing arthrosis will help your dog live longer without pain!


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