Neutering dogs: good or bad for your pet

The sexual instinct is one of the strongest in all biological species living on Earth, and the dog is no exception. But not every owner of a four-footed friend wants to fight the natural desire of the animal to satisfy his needs, try to keep a dog torn to the smell of a fevering bitch or puzzle over the attachment of unplanned puppies from a loving pet.

To minimize problems of this kind, animal medicine offers the best option - sterilization. And although society was divided into two camps: for and against the procedure, but let's admit - no one has ever met a dog that, being spayed, would look unhappy.

What is sterilization and methods of its implementation

Sterilization is a surgical intervention in the reproductive system with the aim of suppressing sexual desire and deprivation of fertility. A sterilized animal cannot reproduce offspring.

There are three methods of performing the operation:

  • Abdominal - It is performed under general anesthesia and involves opening the abdominal cavity. Duration - 60-90 minutes. The most common sterilization method. The correct organization of dog care during the rehabilitation period is important.
  • Laparoscopy - Penetration into the cavity through mini-punctures. Differs in low traumatism, short recovery period and speed of carrying out (not> 30 min.). A significant disadvantage - suitable for animals no more than 10 kg.
  • Chemical - An injection course for the suppression of libido and estrus for up to a year. The method is undesirable, since it has significant disadvantages: a high risk of tumors and various diseases.

The essence of the operative methods of sterilization is simple: the testes are removed in males, the ovaries in females, separately or together with the uterus.

Sterilization: pros and cons

Restricting the sexual activity of dogs not only eliminates the appearance of unplanned offspring, but also has a number of physical and psychological positive aspects:

  • Safe walking of the pet (without estrus, the bitch will not be attacked by the males of the entire area, and the male will not rip off the leash).
  • The mental state of the animal is stabilized, it is calm and does not seek to escape.
  • Aggression and a thirst to mark territory disappear, followed by clarification of relations with rivals.
  • The female minimizes the risk of reproductive diseases (tumors, cysts, pyometra, etc.).
  • Life expectancy increases.
  • There is no threat of sexually transmitted infections.
  • The training process is easier and faster, the animal becomes more loyal.
  • There will be no false pregnancy syndrome .
  • Reducing the likelihood of malignant tumors in dogs of both sexes.
  • Of course, the medal also has a downside, which you need to learn about before deciding whether sterilization is advisable or not. Fortunately, there are few downsides and they are all solvable:
  • Risk of complications during or after surgery (reaction to anesthesia, bleeding, infection, inflammation, suture dehiscence). Problems of this kind are more common among inexperienced or unskilled professionals.
  • Hormonal imbalance, weight gain.
  • The development of pathologies of the urinary system (possibly within 3-7 years after the operation).

A competent approach will help you easily cope with all the disadvantages that sterilization carries. So that there are no problems during surgery or during the rehabilitation period, it is necessary to choose only a proven clinic with professional specialists. To control weight, choose a balanced diet, taking into account the hormonal changes in your pet. At the first cases of urinary incontinence and other problems with the genitourinary system, contact a veterinarian - timely treatment will effectively prevent pathologies.

When to neuter a dog: how to know when it's time

There is no clear age-related attachment to the operation; it is carried out both for young individuals and for elderly animals. The main role is played by the state of health and / or the presence of medical indications. However, when planning a surgical procedure, you need to take into account some factors:

  • It is not recommended to neuter a male dog before 6 months of age to avoid stunting and growth retardation.
  • It is better to spay the bitch 2-3 weeks before the start of the first estrus . This will reduce the likelihood of developing breast tumors and diseases of the reproductive sphere tenfold. At an earlier age, it is difficult to calculate the dose of anesthetic and ensure the complete removal of incompletely formed organs (and even the microscopic part of the ovary is able to recover in the future and begin to fully function).
  • Small dogs start flowing earlier than large breed bitches. To calculate the optimal sterilization time, it is better to pass an analysis to determine the hormonal background.
  • You should not do the procedure during estrus or pregnancy . The uterus at this time is enlarged and there is a high risk of blood loss and a prolonged recovery period.
  • If the dog was used to breed the breed, then the last birth should be at the age of 6, and then the animal must be spayed to prevent wear and tear and early aging of the body.
  • Animals after 7 years of age tolerate surgery and anesthesia worse, and recover longer.
  • The best period for sterilization is between 6 and 24 months. If the optimal time for sterilization of the female was missed, then it is better to carry out the operation 2 months after the last estrus.

Medical indications for sterilization: when "necessary" is mandatory

According to experienced veterinarians, all dogs that have crossed the 8-year line must be sterilized without fail, regardless of whether they have had pregnancies and how many times. Pets in adulthood have a high risk of oncology, and sterilization is an excellent prevention of formidable ailments.

It does not matter the presence or absence of childbirth for indications for sterilization, if there are other factors:

  • Abnormal prolonged estrus with profuse blood loss.
  • Diseases associated with hormonal disorders.
  • Diseases that do not allow full bearing of offspring, or pregnancy threatens the health and life of a pet.

Whether or not to sterilize a healthy dog, each owner decides for himself. Many pet owners proudly repeat the famous: "We are responsible for those we have tamed." Are they ready to be responsible for their offspring?


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