How to train your puppy to leash and collar?

If you first became the owner of a small four-legged pet, then a large number of questions immediately arise. And one of them will be the process of training a puppy to a collar and leash. How should the owner behave at this moment so that the animal can easily master these subjects?

We will try to figure out what are the most common mistakes the owners make and how to organize the training process so that it is as effective as possible.

Collar training your puppy

If you buy a puppy from professional breeders or from a kennel, then he is most likely already accustomed to wearing a light model of a collar. This is due to the fact that at birth, breeders tag babies with ribbons or colored threads.

Thus, the owner will be able to evaluate how each pet is developing, control weight gain and growth. Also, thanks to special marks, the breeder remembers the babies and subsequently tells the future owners about their habits and character traits. A couple of weeks after birth, colored threads are replaced by light nylon collars and babies do not experience any discomfort.

If your young pet has not yet tried to walk with a collar, then you should follow a few simple rules:

  1. If at the first attempt to put on the collar the baby is very nervous, then it is better to remove the product. After a few days, tie a light ribbon around the pet's neck. And as soon as the animal gets used to it and stops making attempts to pull the interfering object from the neck, then it is necessary to fasten the collar over the ribbon.
  2. Opt for a lightweight nylon model. The product must strictly correspond to the size of the animal's neck, do not tighten it or dangle. Only in this case the baby will be comfortable and after a short time he will simply forget about the presence of the collar.
  3. Begin the process of getting used to wearing it. Products no more than 10-15 minutes a day, ideal if at this moment the pet is keen on playing or other pleasant activity.
  4. Do not rush or pay attention to the stories of "experienced" breeders. Each dog has its own temperament and needs a certain approach to it. One puppy does not react to new ammunition from the first minutes, while the other gets used to the fact that he has become the owner of a collar for weeks.

This is important: be patient and be consistent. Don't try to get 100% results right away. Remember, your baby needs time.

How to teach your puppy to leash?

If most owners do not have any difficulties with training a pet to a collar, then with a leash the situation is somewhat different. Even the most obedient and phlegmatic puppy is unlikely to calmly agree to walk on a leash from the first exit to the street.

Many animals seek to get rid of the limiting object. The kid may rest or often pull on the leash, refuses to follow the owner, or defiantly lies down on the ground. How can you help your four-legged friend overcome the unpleasant sensations that accompany him while walking on a leash?

Experts propose to make the learning process step-by-step:

  • First, show your baby the leash. But don't make it a part of games. Let your pet get used to the sight of the unfamiliar object.
  • Attach the leash to the collar and let your baby run with it. Thus, the pet will stop responding to an unusual object and stop paying attention to the leash that drags around the house after it.
  • After the onset of 3 months of age, you should start regular walks. Already after a couple of weeks, the baby has a persistent reflex associated with the type of leash. After all, it becomes an attribute of a fun walk.

This is important: the pet must walk on a leash from the first day. Even if the baby regularly follows on the heels of the owner, this is not a guarantee of his safety. At this stage, the pet is not able to scare or harm passers-by. But it is easy to be frightened by a sharp signal from a transport or a view of a larger dog. And then the baby often takes flight. The result will be either the loss of a four-legged friend or serious injury from a collision with vehicles.

  • At the initial stage, allow your baby to independently choose the route when walking on a leash. Follow him and watch that his path does not intersect trash cans, roads, or other dangerous or dangerous places.
  • The duration of a quiet walk should be at least 20-40 minutes.

After the pet stops paying attention to the leash, you can begin the next stage of training. It is necessary so that the animal walks calmly next to the owner and does not pull on the leash.

Dog handlers recommend choosing one of two types of training, depending on the temperament and age of your pet:

  • Loyal. In this case, the owner is required to stop whenever the animal pulls on the leash. After a few days, the pet will learn that with a taut leash, the movement does not become more intense, but, on the contrary, completely stops. The owner will need patience and endurance.
  • Jerk method. It can be used when animals reach the age of 4.5-5 months. You will need a strong leash as well as a parfos (prong collar). The animal can be released from itself at a distance of 2.5-3m, but when the leash is pulled, the owner jerkily returns the dog to the usual distance.

It takes most pets 6-7 days to understand the futility of their attempts, as well as the discomfort from jerking the leash.

This is important: when choosing parfos, you should pay attention to the shape of the teeth. They should be rounded and smooth. This shape allows you to control the behavior of the puppy, but does not lead to the formation of scratches and damage to the delicate skin.

Common mistakes of owners

Dog handlers remind that there are several most common mistakes that even experienced owners make:

  • Choosing a leather collar or leash for your puppy . The products have an impressive weight, so the pet will feel discomfort while walking. 
  • Models made of nylon are the ideal solution during the training phase. They are lightweight and durable, easy to wash and come in vibrant colors.
  • Discomfort . A collar that is not too tight or an improperly selected parfos will cause the animal to refuse to walk calmly with the owner. 
  • Check the suitability of the ammunition for the age and breed characteristics of the pet, check if the collar is fastened comfortably enough.
  • Games . The dog should not be allowed to chew on the leash or use it as a toy.
  • Punishment . In no case should you punish your pet with a leash. The dog will cease to perceive it as an attribute of an exciting walk and will experience discomfort and fear when the owner tries to fasten the product to the collar. 
  • If the incident does occur, then slap the leash on your own knee. The pet crouched down, pressed its ears? The dog developed fear. 
  • The ideal solution would be to change the leash to another model. You can just walk with your pet on a rope. Try walking on a leash again after a couple of weeks.

And remember, no advice from experienced dog handlers will help teach a kid to a leash or a collar, if the owner is not ready to stock up on titanic patience. Only consistency and endurance will be the key to a successful learning process!


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