How to Train a Dog | Taking the First Steps

Being the owner of a well-trained and intelligent dog is not only convenient, but also prestigious. Therefore, most owners spend an impressive amount of time teaching their four-legged pet basic commands. In this you will know about your question like: How do I teach my dog basic commands? how to train a puppy? how to train a dog not to bite? dog training techniques,  how to train a dog for toilet? how to train a dog to sit? how to train a dog to pee outside? how to train a dog to attack?

Their knowledge allows you to walk the dog without problems, and also makes it easier to find the pet in public places.

At what age to train a dog

Dog handlers recommend starting training in basic skills at 4 months of age. It was then that the baby has already received the required minimum of vaccinations and is ready to go outside. Dog handlers advise starting with simple commands that will allow you to control your pet on the street and in public places.

But the age of 3-4 months is named conditionally. For example, decorative dogs mature early enough. And by 4-6 months they are included in the age category of adolescents. Therefore, their training can begin from the age of 2-3 months.

And representatives of large and giant breeds ( Great Danes , Mastiffs , Alabai , Moscow sentry , etc) at the age of 4-6 months - quite inexperienced, though impressive kids sizes. Therefore, it is necessary to decide when the optimal time for training has come in each specific case.

This is important: There is an opinion that it is impossible to train an adult dog. In fact, this is absolutely not the case. Training an adult animal requires more persistence and patience. But 99.9% of dogs can be taught basic commands in adulthood.

Where to train your dog?

There are several main signs of a place that is most suitable for training a dog. These include dog handlers:

  1. Lack of distractions in the form of harsh and unknown sounds. They scatter the dog's attention and the lesson becomes less effective;
  2. Lack of foreign animals. It will be quite difficult for a four-legged pet to overcome its instincts. Therefore, many dogs are distracted by their relatives, cats or birds. But after all, when training, the owner needs the maximum concentration of the dog;
  3. Absence of other people. Ideally, if the training will be absent from members of the Sembi and outsiders. Nothing should interfere with the learning process and distract the pet's attention.

This is important: Experienced dog handlers recommend starting training for new teams at home. And only after developing a persistent skill, proceed to training on the street.

Dog training at home

This is the perfect place to start learning. The attention of the dog is completely concentrated on the owner and she is maximally ready for training.

Experts recommend choosing a time when the owner is alone with the dog. If people are constantly present in the house or apartment, then you should retire with the animal in a separate room.

And ask the rest of the family to be quiet. Thus, the owner will be able to maximally focus the animal's attention on the learning process.

After the minimum skills have been obtained and the command has been mastered, you can proceed to practicing its implementation in public. Family members or close friends are good for this. That is, those people who are constantly present in the house and do not arouse increased interest in the animal.

After the basic commands have been worked out, you should look for a deserted place in the vicinity. Even in a noisy metropolis, you can find a secluded corner where strangers rarely come.

This can be a construction site (in the evening after the end of the working day), a vacant lot or a garage cooperative. The main thing is that the pet is not distracted by anything.

This is important: Homeschooling works well. But the owner should also remember about the other side of the coin. For example, that on the street the pet may not perceive the commands given to him. After all, he was used to obeying only at home.

Lesson with the dog on the training ground

Training on a special site is suitable for dogs that already have well-developed basic skills and the presence of strangers and people does not distract them from the training process.

It should be noted that the training grounds are equipped with various sports equipment. Therefore, they are an ideal place for training and outdoor activities of the dog.

Train the dog yourself or contact a dog handler

Experienced dog handlers do not give an unambiguous answer to this question. There are two options for the development of events:

  1. Self-study . With the necessary skills, the owner will be able to train his pet without any problems. in this case, you will need to be patient and persistent. In no case should you give vent to emotions and punish the dog if he does not follow the command correctly or refuses to learn at all.
  2. Training from a dog handler . Often a situation arises in which the owner, due to his soft disposition, is not able to show the perseverance necessary for effective training. Or the dog stubbornly refuses to execute even elementary commands. In this case, you should seek the help of a specialist. A dog handler teaches even a difficult-to-communicate pet in a few days, and a fully prepared animal returns to the owner.

How often should you train your dog?

Several factors are of primary importance in dog training. It is persistence, consistency and regularity. That is why dog handlers argue that regularity is one of the main conditions in the learning process.

Daily activities at home will allow you to quickly develop a useful skill, and also prevent your pet from forgetting previously learned commands.

The best solution would be to regularly repeat what you have passed. This can be done both at home and in specially equipped places. These can be fenced-in dog walking areas or training grounds.

After the dog has mastered the basic commands, he can be taken out of the city for a walk and work out the acquired skills. Outdoor activities should be held at least 2-4 times a week.

Where to start and how to prepare

Preparation for the first lesson, according to experienced dog handlers, should begin with a short walk.

Do not walk with the animal until the dog is completely tired. But the dog must have time to go to the toilet and run a little. Then he will be maximally ready to perceive the learning process. Training before the usual meal times is a major mistake.

It is worth stocking up on the animal's favorite treat. And give it only after a correctly executed command. Give up the habit of giving out this treat just like that. It should be praise for a command done correctly.

Small dog training

Educating small pets is very important for their safety. Of course, a miniature Yorkie is unlikely to be able to protect its owner from attack.

But the possession of such a useful skill as the command "to me" and the persistently developed habit of not taking a treat from someone else's hands will save the pet from trouble. After all, well-groomed and stylish dogs are often stolen for the purpose of subsequent resale.

According to the dog handlers, among the obligatory commands that a pet of miniature size should know are “to me”, “fu”, “place”, “no”. As well as elementary concepts of endurance.

Big dog training

Training dogs of medium , large and giant breeds requires a lot of patience. Such pets are impressive in size and can harm others.

That is why representatives of such breeds must be ideally trained. This will avoid the occurrence of unpleasant situations associated with the dissatisfaction of others.

Learning should start at home and continue outside. At the same time, if the teams are not being trained in specially designated places, then the pet must have a muzzle and a collar .

Choose a leather muzzle or its metal mesh counterpart. Such models allow you to freely give a treat and reward the dog for a correctly executed command.

In addition to the basic training course, owners of large dogs often train their pets in a protective guard service. This should be done only with the participation of an experienced instructor and special equipment.

Which breeds are better trained

Statistics claim that there are several breeds that lend themselves to training as well as possible. These include:

  • German shepherd: Very loyal dogs who can easily learn even the most difficult commands;
  • Cane Corso: Ideal for guarding an apartment or house. Easy to train and very dedicated. But it has certain difficulties when communicating with representatives of other breeds;
  • Black Russian Terrier: Animals have an aggressive and rebellious character. Therefore, training should be done only by an experienced dog handler or an owner with a strong-willed character;
  • Maltese lapdog: Perfectly trainable and belongs to decorative breeds. Small size, sharp mind, combined with high2 sociability make this breed extremely popular and popular.

This is important: among the representatives of any breed, there are individuals that are extremely difficult to train. The problem may lie in the dog itself or in the person involved in the training. If the dog refuses to follow the commands and does not understand what they want from him, then it is better to seek help from a professional.

Useful Tips

Cynologists give several recommendations that will make training more effective:

  1. Do not repeat the given command more than two times;
  2. Change the sequence of commands in any form. Otherwise, the pet's attention is reduced;
  3. Do not drag out the workout time. The duration of the sessions should vary from 35 minutes to 1.5 hours, depending on the age and well-being of the dog;
  4. Observe the interval between commands. The dog should have time to rest a little, make a couple of circles around the site or explore the nearest bushes;
  5. Weasel. For animals that are too timid and insecure, this is a great alternative to strictness. With harsh treatment, pets often begin to "dull" and get confused;
  6. Promotion. It can be given by voice. But the best results are obtained with treats.

Enjoy training, and then your pet will happily execute all commands


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