How to litter train your puppy or adult dog?

Choosing a four-legged pet, not all owners are ready to devote 24 hours a day to it. And the baby needs not only games and regular feeding, but also frequent walks. If the owner is absent from home most of the time, then training the pet to the litter box will be the best solution. Let's talk about how to do it correctly and what you should pay attention to when choosing a dog tray.

Why litter train your dog?

Tray training is extremely important for owners of miniature and small dog breeds. Such pets can not be taken outside in unfavorable weather conditions, as well as skip the next walk if the owner does not feel well.

If the animal is sick, then it is also not worth taking it out in rainy or windy weather. Therefore, the ideal solution would be to train your toddler to use the litter box from an early age. In this case, the pet has a permanent toilet at home, and a walk in the park or on a specially equipped area will be a pleasant pastime for the animal.

Dog trays: types and materials

All pet trays are made of high quality materials. They must be free of toxic impurities and made from ingredients that do not cause an allergic reaction.

On the shelves of veterinary pharmacies and specialty stores, you can find trays for dogs of the following types:

  1. With a holder for disposable or reusable diapers . These models are ideal for litter training. The diaper absorbs odors and urine well. Therefore, there will be no specific aroma in the room;
  2. With rubber or plastic grill . The pet's feet remain dry, and the ability to wash the wire rack saves money on the purchase of diapers.
  3. With a column . This option is ideal for males who, due to physiological characteristics, regularly raise their paws.
  4. With artificial grass . Here grass is more of a decorative and aesthetic element. In fact, fake grass is the same absorbent diaper.

When choosing a product, several basic nuances must be taken into account:

  1. Dimensions . The animal should be comfortable in the litter box. It is important to evaluate the parameters of an adult pet and choose a puppy tray based on its future dimensions. Rarely does a dog enjoy going to the toilet in an uncomfortable and cramped environment;
  2. Tight attachment of the grille . If it is unstable, then the animal most often refuses to go to the tray;
  3. The height of the sides . For pets of small breeds, you should choose models with low sides.


This is important: No matter how small your pet is, you should not save money and choose a cat litter box. Its size is uncomfortable for the animal, the sides are too high, and there is no column for males.

The process of training a puppy / dog to a litter box

For each owner, the question of how to train your pet to the litter remains an important question. After all, explaining to a dog that she has to go to the toilet in a strictly designated place can be difficult.

To train a toddler or adult dog to walk in a litter box requires maximum patience and endurance. The process takes 3-4 weeks on average, and after this period of time, a stable reflex is formed in the animal.

All learning a useful skill can be divided into several stages:

Diaper training for an adult four-legged friend . For an adult dog, this takes less time and can be done with fewer diapers. It is enough to determine the place where the pet regularly goes to the toilet in the absence of planned walking. It is necessary to put 3-4 diapers on this place, trying to cover the floor surface chosen by the animal.

Toddler training . In this case, you will need to remove all carpets and walkways. It is important to understand that having played a dirty trick on the carpet once, the baby will easily repeat this experience after a short time. Attempting to wash the treadmill or rug will not produce the desired result. Therefore, it is better to make sure in advance that the pet gets used to walking only on an empty floor or diaper.

The floor surface should be covered with diapers as much as possible. As soon as the baby begins to walk regularly to the covered area, the number of diapers should be gradually reduced.

After 3-4 weeks, the animal should regularly walk only 1 diaper. If your pet's toilet location is too far from the desired litter position, be patient. Every day you need to move the diaper no more than 10-15 cm to the place of the future toilet.

After accustoming your pet to walk in a strictly defined place, you need to place the diaper in the tray. If the owner did everything right, then the animal will easily remember the new place and will walk into the tray without any problems.

The last step will be to remove the diaper from the tray if the owner prefers a model with a rubber or plastic grill.

You should not punish your pet for the fact that puddles and heaps appear in unexpected places. Moreover, if the animal managed to move away from the crime scene. The dog is not able to follow the logical chain and punishment will only lead to a deterioration in the relationship between it and the owner.

If you managed to catch the dog while urinating or defecating, then poking your nose into a puddle or heap is not worth it. It is enough to scold the pet so that he understands that the owner is angry. Then you need to take the dog to the litter box and praise and pet it there. Good results are obtained by transferring a diaper soaked in dog urine to the tray.

Experts recommend leaving the diaper there for several hours. There will be no unpleasant smell in the apartment, but for dogs the aroma remains perceptible and this allows you to clearly identify the place of the toilet. The place where a pile or puddle has appeared should be thoroughly washed and treated with a vinegar solution or a special spray. Thus, the owner removes the smell, which can later serve as a guide for the wrong choice of the place of bowel movement or urination.

As soon as the pet goes into the tray, you should praise him. It is very important not to ignore the correctly completed task, since the praise and approval of the owner is extremely important for the animal.

What to do if your dog refuses to go to the litter box

Often a situation arises when the pet flatly refuses to go to the litter box. This behavior is always justified and has a specific reason. It is the owner's job to identify it and then eliminate it.

Why the dog refuses to go to the litter box:

Inconvenience: This may be the wrong size, an unstable grid, the absence of a column, or filler that the pet does not like. Replace the grid with a diaper or weed, change the type of litter, try installing a bollard or replacing the tray with a larger model.

The height of the sides: A miniature dog may simply be uncomfortable getting into the litter box, so the pet refuses to go to the toilet in a designated place. Observe the dog and, if necessary, the model with lower bumpers.

The absence of a column: A common reason for the refusal to use the tray in males. The pet cannot show its leadership qualities and shifts its attention to interior items. Installing a post will return the pet to the ability to walk to its usual place and save the dog from punishment.

Lack of proper contact with the owner: If the owner lacks time to communicate with the animal, then the pet can draw attention to itself in every possible way. One of the easiest ways is to refuse to use the tray, damage interior items, shoes, etc. try to devote more time to the animal, walk with it, play. Feeling care and attention, most dogs return to their usual way of life and stop upsetting their owner with unpleasant surprises.

This is important: if you fail to identify the reason for the animal's refusal to visit the litter box, then even the most severe punishments will only aggravate the situation.

The animal becomes isolated and stops trusting the owner. The likelihood of getting a dog on the verge of a nervous breakdown is extraordinarily high. Therefore, the only solution to the problem will be close observation of the pet, and the desire to find a way out of this situation.

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