Pancreatitis in dogs - Symptoms, treatment, diet

Not only humans, but also dogs can suffer from such an unpleasant and painful disease as pancreatitis. At the first symptoms of vomiting, weight loss or diarrhea, you should immediately consult a doctor. Only he will be able to make the correct diagnosis and prescribe the appropriate treatment.

It is important to pay attention to the main causes of this disease and ways to help cope with pancreatitis.

What is pancreatitis

Pancreatitis is one of the most common diseases of the gastrointestinal tract in dogs. In a broad sense, pancreatitis is a disease of the inflammatory nature of the pancreas, which occurs with the premature activation of zymogenic enzymes.

Successful treatment for this disease is based on the ability of the pancreas to rest more.

Classification of pancreatitis

In veterinary gastroenterology, pancreatitis is classified into two main types: acute, chronic. In acute pancreatitis, the resulting inflammatory processes and changes are reversible.

In the chronic form of the disease, a more prolonged inflammation is noted, the formation of already irreversible changes occurs. It is important to note that the final diagnosis can only be made by a doctor, by collecting all the necessary tests and a detailed diagnosis of the body.

Causes of the disease

Some drugs, as well as toxins, can lead to inflammation of the pancreas. These drugs include potassium bromide, tetracyclines.

Also, hypercalcemia can provoke the appearance of pancreatitis. It is important to note that overweight in dogs is the main risk factor for the acute form of this disease.

In addition, the risk increases several times in the presence of certain concomitant diseases, for example, diabetes mellitus.

Constant feeding of a dog with poor-quality or completely unsuitable food for a given breed of dog leads to the development of a dangerous disease. In addition, an abrupt change in the animal's diet negatively affects the pet's body.

If the owner of the dog wants his pet to be active, cheerful, it is important to always monitor his condition, overeating and obesity should not be allowed.

It is believed that this disease is most often encountered by animals of middle and older age. But there are a few specific dog breeds for which pancreatitis is much more common. These include poodles , terriers, boxers .

Signs and symptoms of pancreatitis

Among the main and common clinical signs of the development of pancreatitis are:

  1. Acute vomiting
  2. Weakness
  3. Anorexia
  4. Weight loss
  5. Diarrhea
  6. Sharp abdominal pain

In order to make a diagnosis, a complete examination is required. The main modern diagnostic methods include blood tests and radiography.

If the owner of the dog suddenly replaces that his pet has completely unexpectedly lost interest in his toys, activities, he became bored, it’s not just that. Perhaps this moment is associated with the onset of a serious illness. Pain and swelling in the abdomen is another telltale sign of pancreatitis.

Even with a slight touch to the belly, the dog begins to whine very plaintively from pain. Because of this state, the animal constantly tries to shrink into a ball during normal rest and sleep, taking uncomfortable postures. Even after a few small sips of water, the dog begins to vomit violently.

It is important to know that if acute pancreatitis has not been diagnosed and treated in a timely manner, then it will eventually turn into a chronic form. Then the animal has a completely unhealthy appearance, problems with stool.

At home, this disease cannot be identified as it can be easily confused with other health problems. In the veterinary clinic, an experienced specialist will carefully examine the dog, conduct research and help to recover.

It is important for a professional to entrust the process of treating an animal. He will do everything to make the dog energetic again, keen on active favorite games and fun. Self-medication can harm, therefore, the use of all drugs, without exception, is discussed directly with a specialist.

Treating pancreatitis in dogs

Treatment of the acute form of pancreatitis involves infusion therapy, which will be required to restore water and electrolyte balance, increase pressure.

In addition, you need to pay attention to proven and effective drugs. Among them are antiemetics, for example, miropitant.

After the pet is hospitalized on the first day, it is recommended to follow a diet based on hunger (maximum two days). After that, it is necessary to resume feeding, but with adherence to the prescribed diet with a low fat content.

The level of pain can be well controlled with special drugs, opiate analgesics are excellent for this. Before using a specific medicinal product, you should consult your veterinarian. He will describe in detail the features of the treatment of his beloved pet.

Diet and feeding with pancreatitis

During a diet with pancreatitis, one important rule must be remembered: prolonged fasting should not be allowed under any circumstances. This will lead to negative factors: suppression of the animal's immune system.

Experts recommend paying special attention to an easy-to-digest, low-fat diet. It is necessary not to allow complete saturation of the dog's body. If the pet has enough frequent vomiting, then parenteral nutrition should be used.

An intravenous catheter is inserted for feeding. In this case, everything is important to do correctly and correctly. But dogs that receive food in this way must be closely monitored at all times.

A good lunch for an animal is completely simple in composition and preparation of dishes: chicken with rice, low-fat cottage cheese, chicken fillet.

According to experienced nutritionists, the diet for pancreatitis in dogs includes tender white meat, low fat beef, plain yogurt (also low in fat).

In addition, you can consider some properly cooked vegetables, they will also be just as useful and valuable in their properties for the health and activity of the animal. For example, sweet potatoes or cauliflower can be a pleasant and even favorite treat for your dog.

It is important to know that those animals that constantly eat food with low fat content lack some vitamins: A and E. It is for this reason that salmon oil can be added to their diet, it is considered useful in the treatment of acute pancreatitis.

Most importantly, no matter what food the dog's owner gives, it is necessary to feed him often, but in small portions (from 6 times a day, up to 8 times is possible). Small meals have a positive effect on the functioning of the pancreas.

You need to purchase only high quality products, strictly ensure that they are well prepared. This is how you can save your dog from poisoning and other unpleasant situations associated with the activity of the pancreas.

Some professionals advise alternating dog food intake with regular foods (meat and vegetables).

Medical food for pancreatitis

Medical food for dogs with pancreatitis helps the animal recover and improve its general condition.

There are certain prescription diets:

  1. Royal Canin is a dry, canned diet specially formulated for the treatment of pancreatitis. Manufacturers of Royal Canin feed have taken into account all the features of the health of dogs, problems, so their products have become one of the highest quality and proven ones. Royal Canin Didestive low fat is a food recommended in the very first month after an attack of pancreatitis. From the second month you can take Royal Canin Vet size nutrition.
  2. Wellness Core Reduced Fat Grain Free. An innovation designed specifically for low fat adult dogs. Low fat in dry food is defined as 9 percent or less in dry food and 7 percent in wet food. It is important to consider this fact when choosing the right feed.

Thus, pancreatitis is a common disease in dogs, which can only be diagnosed by a professional, veterinarian.

The treatment process involves the use of medications prescribed by a doctor, adherence to a diet and the selection of suitable medicated feeds for pancreatitis.

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